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The Council of the European Union


European Union

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The Council of the European Union

The Council of the EU is the institution representing the member states’ governments.

Also known informally as the EU Council, it is where national ministers from each EU country meet to adopt laws and coordinate policies.

The Council of the European Union, along with the European Council, are the only EU Institutions that are not “European”. Rather, they are forums where, respectively, ministers, and heads of state/government, from Member States may express and represent their own national interests.

The Treaty of Lisbon mandated a change in voting system from 1 November 2014 for most cases to double majority Qualified Majority Voting, replacing the voting weights system. Decisions made by the council have to be taken by 55% of member states representing at least 65% of the EU’s population.

Almost all members of the Council are members of a political party at national level, and most of these are members of a European-level political party. However the Council is composed to represent the Member States rather than political parties[5] and the nature of coalition governments in a number of states means that party breakdown at different configuration of the Council vary depending on which domestic party was assigned the portfolio. However, the broad ideological alignment of the government in each state does influence the nature of the law the Council produces and the extent to which the link between domestic parties puts pressure on the members in the European Parliament to vote a certain way. Source: WikiPedia

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